15 October, Kathmandu. With great fanfare, the CPN-UML has released its election manifesto of 20,000 words from the five-star Hotel Yak and Yeti on Darbarmarg.
The manifesto written by President KP Sharma Oli under his own leadership was presented to former Miss Nepal Sadiksha Shrestha as the host of the program and banker Anilkeshari Shah as the questioner of the ‘live debate’. When UML changed the practice of releasing the manifesto by the party leaders in their own offices, other top leaders were limited to the audience.
Shrestha facilitated the publication of the manifesto through a digital display and Shah Oli came to the stage to discuss it. In the interview titled ‘Live Debate with Oli’, Oli explained the past political reviews, new commitments and election results for more than two hours.
Before Oli went to the dialogue, a summary of the manifesto was shown on the video display. The summary of the manifesto presented in a formulaic way claims that the next government will be formed by a single majority of the UML. During the dialogue, Oli also claimed that UML will form the government after 4th of December.
The manifesto has announced that Oli will be the prime minister for the next five years. ‘We are going to contest the election under the leadership of party president KP Sharma Oli. We want to install him as the Prime Minister of the country after the elections,’ the manifesto reads, ‘this is done to get the country out of the swamp of political instability.’
UML promoted Oli as the Prime Minister from the Central Committee meeting held in the first week of last August. In the manifesto, the reason why Oli should be made Prime Minister has been explained in various sections.
Through Oli’s appeal, explanation of history, theoretical resolution of the party program, five-year commitment and past work, it is tried to confirm the argument that Oli should become the prime minister. In short, it is claimed that UML will once again lead the government for five years to fulfill the resolution of ‘Prosperous Nepal, Happy Nepali’.
oli adankai repetition
‘Five years: UML does it!’ Apart from the commitment section of the 96-page long manifesto written in the title, the rest of the parts are the topics that the common people have been hearing about. The statement that Oli has been making publicly after the dissolution of the House of Representatives has been included in the manifesto.
The manifesto starts with a question to the voters. Thanking the voters who gave almost two-thirds majority to the Left Alliance in 2074, Oli put forward 6 questions.
Oli argues that he should vote for Surya because he is in favor of the national interest, does not want instability, does not want the abuse of state resources, does not want the waste of the economy, does not want the interests of only leaders limited in power, and is against alliances based on interests.
“In the election to be held on November 4, the party is not only advancing appropriate policies through the manifesto, but also presenting the question of leadership to the people,” the manifesto reads. The next election will be between two poles, UML has claimed that Oli will become the Prime Minister again after the election as the current government has been formed by a mandate by misinterpreting the constitution.
For that, UML has reached the background of the dissolution of the House of Representatives. It is mentioned in the manifesto that the House of Representatives had to be dissolved as a mandatory step because foreign powers are trying to topple the Oli-led government, which is doing some work to attract the attention of the international arena.
“Contrary to the mandate, a chaotic and undemocratic act of not allowing the Prime Minister to complete his five-year term and punishing the party president elected from the convention was done from the streets,” the manifesto said.
As the internal strife of the then Nepal Communist Party (NCP) was increasing, on 7th December 2077, Oli dissolved the House of Representatives by using the power not included in the constitution as the Prime Minister. After that, Oli’s argument is also included in the manifesto.
At the same time, the UML argues that the decision to dissolve the House of Representatives and go for a fresh mandate is against the national interest, accusing it of regression. “… This was to turn the leading edge of Nepalese politics in the opposite direction, that is, it was clearly a regression, at the behest of selfish local and foreign powers,” the manifesto said.
UML has accused the country of pushing the country towards eternal instability by not allowing the mid-term elections and the entire state system has been made a means to fulfill the interests of limited leaders.
UML has also defended the suspended Chief Justice Cholendra Shamsher Jabra, who concluded that the court had given the mandate by misinterpreting the constitution. “For the first time in history, an impeachment motion against the Chief Justice will be registered and kept for 6 months, and the alleged investigation will be carried forward only when the term of the Parliament ends…” is written in the manifesto.
But after the upcoming elections, the historical role of UML has been presented to give confidence that the siege and setting against UML will be broken by public opinion. Arguing that the policy adopted by the UML since 2007 was correct, the manifesto mentioned the contribution of Pushpalal, Manmohan Adhikari and KP Oli. The work done by the government led by Manmohan and KP Oli has been presented point by point, which is considered as the basis for getting votes.
But the government led by former Prime Ministers Madhav Kumar Nepal and Jhalnath Khanal has not accepted the work done. Khanal was the Prime Minister of Nepal in 2066 and 2068. These two leaders, one of the founders of the party, led the UML for 26 years. But by not mentioning anything about the government led by them, UML seems to be trying to send a message that the party division will not be affected.
In the third section, UML presented its theoretical program and showed the need for Oli to be prime minister for five years. The conclusion of UML is to reach socialism from the basis of ‘Prosperous Nepal, Happy Nepali’ to achieve economic and social transformation under the guidance of People’s Multi-Party Democracy (JBAJ). The national aspiration of ‘Prosperous Nepal: Happy Nepali’ is the way to build socialism based on Nepali characteristics’, UML wrote in the manifesto.
A commitment to formula
In the remaining part of the manifesto, the commitment of the works to be done after the formation of the government under the leadership of UML is mentioned. UML has made a formulaic commitment under the title ‘Next 5 Years: Our 20 Guarantees’. That commitment has also been briefly explained. The condition for that is once again to form a government led by UML.
In the next part of the commitment, there is the sectoral arrangement and explanation. UML has committed to the work to be done in the next five years by determining 30 subject areas ranging from good governance to international relations. Most of them are mentioned in the manifesto of 2074 and are subject to commitment.
The targets of some commitments have been reduced, while projects such as ships and trains have been continued. Most of the manifesto is spent in this section (from pages 32 to 74). In the last section, a list of the works done in the 41 months of Oli’s leadership is presented. It is called ’41 months, 82 milestones’.
It is written in the manifesto that what the Oli leadership has not been able to do is the corona epidemic, the personal interests of foreign powers and leaders acting at the behest of foreigners. However, it is claimed that the UML will have a single majority as it has worked to prove the country’s milestone even due to adversity. “It is also an indicator of our ability that if we have the willpower, we can achieve success even in the face of adversity,” the manifesto believes.
See the full text of the UML manifesto